Ourstory- factual Accounts about what happens on the Earth.
The facts of our existence cannot be found in only His story or Her story but when we combine to Write Ourstory The pictures and stories of our past becomes a whole lot clearer.
Through out Ourstory The people who tell Parts of Our collective story tell one side and ignore the horrific crimes that their own side did. This is normally with the intent to push the ideologies and lifestyle from historical periods which they favor. Society has always evolved and I believe Society needs to continue to evolve. Studying Ourstory with unbiased eyes will help students aid this much needed process!!!
A Pivitol Moment in Ourstory Occured when Human Rights was promoted as Religions have been used to erase other elements of Historical fact to support family claims to land and the ability to select the Royalty and Government of Countries and to receive their perks
For over 100 years, cruise ships have been used for travelling the seas. The earliest ocean-going vessels were not designed primarily for passengers but rather for shipment.
Nothing is as luxurious as being on a cruise ship. Cruise ships have various forms of entertainment, restaurants and destinations across the world. Cruise ships have changed over the decades with modern luxury liners providing journeys through many different ports and countries.
The original ships
Travelling by sea wasn’t exactly speedy until Thomas Newcomen invented the steam engine in 1712. It is in 1819 that the first American ship crossed the Atlantic propelled by a steam engine.
The American ship left the US and arrived in England 29 days later. In the year 1822, Peninsular & Steam Navigation Company gave birth to leisure cruise ships. Their steamships were used primarily for delivering mail between different countries.
4 years later in 1844, passenger cruise ships were introduced. Starting at Southampton, they offered sea tours to different countries such as Greece, Gibraltar and Malta. In the latter half of the 19th century, larger luxurious passenger ships were built to accommodate expanding immigrants and people going on vacation.
Passengers were entertained with card games, parties and dancing. Other cruise ships like the Augusta Victoria incorporated a floating hotel. It was an old-fashioned hotel with a reception area surrounded by palm trees.
Most of the ships had basic designs and activities would be done on the deck. Earliest ships designed for luxury cruising targeted wealthy travelers.
World War 1 and 2 interrupted the shipping industry. Ships were reassigned to transport troops like the German super liners.
Earliest cruise ships designed for luxury would have cabins that were first class. Some would contain a gymnasium, a room for film work and a library. After the wars subsided the market for luxury cruising became more popular and this led to the introduction of Transatlantic cruises.
Cruise ships began to incorporate even more luxuries such as fine dining.
Modern Luxury Cruisers
With the introduction of commercial aero planes in the 1960s, the cruise ship business was greatly affected. This is because many people switched from ships to planes. The earliest ships were not designed adequately for the modern age. They had windowless cabins, high fuel consumption and the inability to dock at shallow docks.
The cruise ship companies had to change drastically and aimed to attract more people to travel by sea. It is in the 1960s that the modern cruise industry began. For example, the Queen Elizabeth 2 ocean liner had international celebrities onboard to entertain guests.
Cruise ships companies created fun ships that provided vacation trips to more exotic destinations like the Caribbean Islands. Luxury cruises grew in popularity and began to be seen as an ideal romantic getaway for couples. Cabins were built with private balconies and there were veranda suites.
Cruise Ship Organization Onboard Facilities
Today’s cruise ships are designed like a floating hotel, hospitality staff and its crew. On the older ship’s food would be served only in the morning and at night. People were required to dress in formal clothes that matched the style of food that was being served.
Today’s ships allow people to eat whenever they want. Their modern restaurants have buffets that can be partaken anytime and are open 24 hours. The food prepared depends on the time of day. They prepare breakfast, lunch, dinner and even late-night snacks. Sandwiches and well-crafted cakes are also available.
There are some cruise ships with special restaurants but they require you pay an extra charge for their services. They offer the most classic meals and are often of the highest quality.
It is not abnormal for cruise ships to have bars and nightclubs that are a source of entertainment for their passengers. Other facilities include ping pong tables, spas, libraries, casinos, cinemas, shops, fitness centers and theatres.
It is not unusual for cruise ships to contain other facilities such as a miniature golf course, basketball courts, bowling alleys, chain restaurants, rock climbing walls, arcades, ice skating rinks and even surfing simulators.
Utilization of Cruise Ships
Modern cruise ships have not only been used as a mode of transport but also, they provide comfortable hotel standard accommodations as well. For example, in the 2004 Summer Olympics, there was a shortage of hotel accommodation and a number of cruise ships were sought to provide accommodation to large numbers of tourists.
A similar case happened when hurricane Katrina destroyed homes in New Orleans. Three cruise ships were arranged to provide accommodation to people who were affected by the hurricane.
In 2010, a volcano erupted that resulted in the shutdown of UK airspace. This led to British tourists being stranded in Spain. A cruise liner, Celebrity Eclipse was used to save the 2000 British tourists.
Modern luxury cruiser has made the various Caribbean Islands to become some of the most popular ports to visit. With so many beautiful sights to see and interesting food to try it is no wonder cruises to Caribbean Islands do so well.
Over 45,000 people from the Caribbean have been employed by the cruise ships. A lot of money is made in the Caribbean Islands as millions of passengers continue to visit the famous islands.
The interior and exterior design of cruise ships has changed dramatically over the years. An example of this is the addition of more balconies and veranda suites. Maximum comfort and water safety have been the most important factors to be considered when designing a cruise ship.
Cruise ships nowadays are basically floating cities where almost everything is within your reach. They are laden with amenities and entertainment options making them one of the most popular romantic getaways for couples.
If you choose to go on a cruise, you should never be bored. Cruise ships have over 60 destinations and have loads to do with their many activities.
Some of the biggest cruise ships include Oasis-class Allure of the Seas which can carry 6,360 passengers. The cruise industry has greatly transformed since the 18th century when ships were primarily used for transporting mail and cargo and instead today carry passengers on fun filled vacations in exotic ports around the globe.
I Vote to Make Conversion Therapy a Rape Crime.
In My opinion Conversion Therapy is the Same As rape and Should Result in higher charge as a basic united nations human Truth is that We Are entitled to love and marry who we love and choose This disrespectful denial is the same crime as a straight man and woman who are raped by others to deny them their Marriage Vows. In Conversion Therapy we are not Raped on One occasion but across an entire life span.
Either we're all equal under the law or we're not equal.
Gay Marriages really are about equal rights and civil rights.
Everyone should have the right to get married and enjoy the legal protections for their committed faithful partnership which only legal marriage provides.
Among Indigenous peoples of the Americas prior to European colonization, a number of nations had respected roles for "Two-Spirited" people often believed to practice homosexual acts. While each Indigenous culture has their own names for these individuals, a modern, pan-Indian term that has been adopted by consensus is "Two-Spirit". Typically this individual is recognized early in life, and raised in the appropriate manner, learning from the Elders the customs, spiritual and social duties fulfilled by these special people in the community.
Homosexual and transgender individuals were also common among other pre-conquest civilizations in Latin America, such as the Aztecs, Mayans, Quechuas, Moches, Zapotecs, and the Tupinambá of Brazil.
The Spanish conquerors were horrified to discover sodomy openly practiced among native peoples, and attempted to crush it out by subjecting the berdaches (as the Spanish called them) under their rule to severe penalties, including public execution, burning and being torn to pieces by dogs.
Matthew was born into an affluent family and had attended state school in Casper, Wyoming. The 21-year-old political science major at Laramie University stood only 5ft 2in, and his blond hair, braces and slight frame gave him an air of vulnerability and innocence. In his junior year of high school, Matthew moved with his family to Saudi Arabia. There were no American high schools in Saudi at the time, so he was sent to the American School in Switzerland. By the time he enrolled at Laramie he spoke three languages and had aspirations to be a human-rights advocate. Somewhere along the line, however, Matthew fell from being a grade-A student to a drug-addicted prostitute who diced with danger. He suffered periods of depression, possibly as a result of being gang raped a few years earlier while on holiday in Morocco. But this is not the Matthew Shepard who became a celebrated figure for the gay-rights movement in America.
Given we are the inhabitants of these Island chains with competence on the level of those with resources that far surpass us it is paramount we develop our own law system so that we do not allow others to control our nations from a far.
Environmental concerns and conflicts have surfaced throughout human history, from the earliest settlements to the latest headlines. This comes as a surprise to many people because our emphasis in history has all too often been on war and politics, rather than environment, culture and development.
Mahatma Gandhi (October 2, 1869 to January 30, 1948) was the leader of India’s non-violent independence movement against British rule and in South Africa who advocated for the civil rights of Indians. Born in Porbandar, India, Gandhi studied law and organized boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. He was killed by a fanatic in 1948.
In the late afternoon of January 30, 1948, the 78-year-old Gandhi, weakened from repeated hunger strikes, clung to his two grandnieces as they led him from his living quarters in New Delhi’s Birla House to a prayer meeting. Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse, upset at Gandhi’s tolerance of Muslims, knelt before the Mahatma before pulling out a semiautomatic pistol and shooting him three times at point-blank range. The violent act took the life of a pacifist who spent his life preaching nonviolence. Godse and a co-conspirator were executed by hanging in November 1949, while additional conspirators were sentenced to life in prison.
Human Rights and the Environment
More than 2 million annual deaths and billions of cases of diseases are attributed to pollution. All over the world, people experience the negative effects of environmental degradation ecosystems decline, including water shortage, fisheries depletion, natural disasters due to deforestation and unsafe management and disposal of toxic and dangerous wastes and products. Indigenous peoples suffer directly from the degradation of the ecosystems that they rely upon for their livelihoods. Climate change is exacerbating many of these negative effects of environmental degradation on human health and wellbeing and is also causing new ones, including an increase in extreme weather events and an increase in spread of malaria and other vector born diseases. These facts clearly show the close linkages between the environment and the enjoyment of human rights, and justify an integrated approach to environment and human rights.
World War I began in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until 1918. During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers). Thanks to new military technologies and the horrors of trench warfare, World War I saw unprecedented levels of carnage and destruction. By the time the war was over and the Allied Powers claimed victory, more than 16 million people—soldiers and civilians alike—were dead.
Africa’s role in WWI a forgotten chapter
The 1914-18 war brought an end to German colonial rule in Africa, saw up to 2 million Africans sacrifice their lives for Europe and brought much social upheaval as cities grew to supply the war effort, hardening racial divisions.
They parceled it out between these two nations – England and France – gave away our property without consulting us, and we are aggrieved, and we desire to serve notice on civilization and on the world that 400,000,000 Negroes are aggrieved.
I warn them that the hour is coming when the oppressed will rise in their might, in their majesty, and throw off the yoke of ages.
Coming just two decades after the last great global conflict, the Second World War was the most widespread and deadliest war in history, involving more than 30 countries and resulting in more than 50 million military and civilian deaths (with some estimates as high as 85 million dead). Sparked by Adolf Hitler’s invasion of Poland in 1939, the war would drag on for six deadly years until the final Allied defeat of both Nazi Germany and Japan in 1945.
Remembering Africans’ role in ending World War 2
Many Africans enlisted – or were conscripted by their colonial ruler, Britain – to fight the Axis countries in World War 2. They were instrumental in bringing an end to the war, which was fought across Africa, Europe and the East
How West Africa Helped Win World War II
West African soldiers went to the battlefront itself. The 4th Gold Coast Infantry Brigade, which later became the 2nd West African Infantry Brigade, contributed 65,000 men to the 1944 Battle of Myohaung, which drove the Japanese out of Burma.
The Role of Africans in World War 2
It is estimated that more than 500,000 Africans fought for the British in combat and non-combat roles. Close to 170,000 West Africans were recruited to fight against Mussolini in Ethiopia and Burma to fight the Japanese. France also recruited close to 30,000 Africans from its colonies to fight the Nazi.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 10 December 1948, was the result of the experience of the Second World War. With the end of that war, and the creation of the United Nations, the international community vowed never again to allow atrocities like those of that conflict happen again. World leaders decided to complement the UN Charter with a road map to guarantee the rights of every individual everywhere. The document they considered, and which would later become the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, was taken up at the first session of the General Assembly in 1946.
An honor killing or shame killing is the homicide of a member of a family, due to the perpetrators' belief that the victim has brought shame or dishonor upon the family, or has violated the principles of a community or a religion, usually for reasons such as refusing to enter an arranged marriage, being in a relationship that is disapproved by their family, having sex outside marriage, becoming the victim of rape, dressing in ways which are deemed inappropriate, engaging in non-heterosexual relations or renouncing a faith
Noxolo Xakeka, 23, was tragically murdered on New Year’s Day in an attack that escalated from a homophobic slur to a stabbing.
South Africa has a notoriously high rate of rape – including ‘corrective rape’ – used to ‘cure’ lesbian women of their homosexuality.
FannyAnn Viola Eddy (1974–2004) was an activist for lesbian and gay rights in her native Sierra Leone and throughout Africa. In 2002, she founded the Sierra Leone Lesbian and Gay Association, the first of its kind in Sierra Leone. She traveled widely, addressing the United Nations and other international groups. In April 2004, she advocated the passing of the Brazilian Resolution at the UN in Geneva.
Eddy was murdered on September 29, 2004, a group of at least three men broke into the office of the Sierra Leone Lesbian and Gay Association in central Freetown, gang-raped her, stabbed her, and eventually broke her neck.
Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision,[a] is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia. The practice is found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and within communities from countries in which FGM is common. UNICEF estimated in 2016 that 200 million women living today in 30 countries—27 African countries, Indonesia, Iraqi Kurdistan and Yemen—have undergone the procedures.
The practice is rooted in gender inequality, attempts to control women's sexuality, and ideas about purity, modesty and beauty. It is usually initiated and carried out by women, who see it as a source of honour, and who fear that failing to have their daughters and granddaughters cut will expose the girls to social exclusion. Health effects depend on the procedure. They can include recurrent infections, difficulty urinating and passing menstrual flow, chronic pain, the development of cysts, an inability to get pregnant, complications during childbirth, and fatal bleeding. There are no known health benefits
Florida legislators known as the "John's Committee" prompted the firing of more than 100 LGBT teachers between 1957 and 1963. Though the committee officially folded in 1965, the Florida Department of Education continued to regularly purge LGBT teachers through the 1970s
The year was 1970, and the man was a 24-year-old psychiatric patient. The woman, 21, was a prostitute from the French Quarter of New Orleans, hired by special permission of the attorney general of Louisiana. And they had just become part of one of the strangest experiments in scientific history: an attempt to use pleasure conditioning to turn a gay man straight.
In the early 20th century, Freud made attempts using hypnosis. In the 1950s, Edmund Berger advocated a “confrontational therapy” approach to gay patients, which consisted of having practitioners yell at them that they were liars and worthless. Other attempts to convert LGBT people to heterosexuality throughout history have included methods like lobotomy, electroshock to the hands, head, and genitals, testicle transplants from dead straight men, “bladder washing,” castration, female circumcision, nausea-inducing drugs, and beatings. But it was Nicolosi who brought gay conversion therapy into the mainstream, popularizing it among religious communities and the American right, and turning what was once a scattered practice of abuse into a multi-million-dollar worldwide industry.
Killed defending women's rights: nine female activists who died in 2015
In September 2005, Miss Teen Bahamas Gari McDonald, 18, was stripped of her crown a week after she publicly admitted that she was a lesbian.
Michael Alan Sam, Jr. (born January 7, 1990) is a former American football defensive end. He played college football for the University of Missouri and was drafted by the St. Louis Rams of the National Football League (NFL) in the seventh round of the 2014 NFL draft.
Sam was a consensus All-American and the Southeastern Conference (SEC) Defensive Player of the Year as a senior at Missouri. After completing his college football career, Sam publicly came out as gay. He became the first publicly gay player to be drafted in the NFL. The Rams cut him during the final preseason roster cutdowns. He also spent time on the Dallas Cowboys' practice squad before being waived. He signed with the Montreal Alouettes before the 2015 season, and became the first publicly gay player to play in the Canadian Football League (CFL)
The People's Republic of China and its predecessors have a history of female infanticide spanning 2000 years. Worldwide, the practice of infanticide has been practiced since antiquity for the purpose of population control. It is an unsanctioned method of family planning that has been condoned for centuries in the area until recent times. The phenomenon is also referred to as female gendercide; however, the word gendercide can be used for both sexes.
During the 19th century the practice was widespread, readings from Qing texts show a prevalence of the term ni nü (to drown girls), and drowning was the most common method used to kill female children. Other methods used were suffocation and starvation.[a] Leaving a child exposed to the elements was another method of killing an infant, the child would be placed in a basket which was then placed in a tree. Buddhist nunneries created "baby towers" for people to leave a child. In 1845 in the province of Jiangxi, a missionary wrote that these children survived for up to two days while exposed to the elements, and that those passing by, would ignore the screaming child. Missionary David Abeel reported in 1844 that between one third and one fourth of all female children were killed at birth or soon after.
The practice of female infanticide was far from wholly condoned in China. Buddhists wrote that the killing of young girls would bring bad karma
That the Caribbean is
a region marked by homophobia is, for the most part, taken for granted. The
assertions by the media highlighted above are reflected in the legal codes of
many Commonwealth Caribbean countries. According to the International
Lesbian, Gay, Trans and Intersex Association’s (ILGA) 2011 report, ‘Statesponsored
homophobia’, 11 of the 12 Commonwealth Caribbean countries
have laws that make same-sex intimacy illegal. Guyana and Trinidad and
Tobago’s laws prescribe the harshest punishment – life and 25 years in prison
respectively – for ‘buggery’ committed between two consenting adults
Brian Williamson (4 September 1945 – 9 June 2004) was a Jamaican gay rights activist who co-founded the Jamaica Forum for Lesbians, All-Sexuals and Gays (J-FLAG). He was known for being one of the earliest openly gay men in Jamaican society and for being one of its best known gay rights activists.
Born to an upper-middle-class family in Saint Ann Parish, Williamson initially considered a life in the Roman Catholic clergy before deciding to devote himself to the cause of gay rights in Jamaica. In the 1990s, he purchased an apartment building in the New Kingston area of Kingston, in which he established a gay nightclub, which remained open for two years despite opposition from police. In 1998, he co-founded J-FLAG with other lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights activists, soon becoming the public face of the organisation. As J-FLAG's representative, he argued in favour of LGBT rights during appearances on Jamaican television and radio programs. This attracted great hostility within Jamaica – a country with particularly high rates of anti-gay prejudice – with J-FLAG members receiving death threats and Williamson surviving a knife attack. For a time he left Jamaica, living in Canada and England for several years, before returning to Kingston in 2002.
In June 2004, Williamson was murdered in his apartment by an acquaintance, Dwight Hayden, whom he had been aiding with financial handouts. Police believed that Hayden's motive was robbery, although J-FLAG also suggested that homophobia may have played a part in the killing. Hayden was subsequently sentenced to life in prison. Upon learning of the murder, a crowd assembled in New Kingston to celebrate Williamson's death, chanting homophobic slogans and lyrics. Conversely, the Jamaican LGBT community held a secret memorial for him, while protests against the killing were held by LGBT rights groups in the United Kingdom.
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The LGBT artists making music where it’s dangerous to be gay
The Activism of Harvey Milk
Jewish lesbian activist proud of her communities
Sara Elkas, who built and sustained many community organisations, became active in Melbourne's thriving lesbian-feminist scene of the early 1980s, and took pride in her identity as a Jewish lesbian.
Edith Windsor, icon of gay rights movement, dies aged 88
Windsor was the lead plaintiff in the 2013 US supreme court case that struck down the Defense of Marriage Act of 1996, giving gay and lesbian couples access to federal benefits and laying the foundation for the landmark decision to legalize same-sex marriage across the country in 2015.
Gay and Lesbian Activists Alliance
GLAA was founded in 1971 as the Gay and Lesbian Activists Alliance, and updated in 2017 to be more inclusive of the LGBTQ community. GLAA is an all-volunteer, non-partisan, non-profit political organization that defends the civil rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in the Nation’s Capital.
GLAA lobbies the D.C. Council; monitors government agencies; educates and rates local candidates; and works in coalitions to defend the safety, health and equal rights of LGBTQ families. GLAA remains the nation’s oldest continuously active gay and lesbian civil rights organization.
Dame Doris Sands Johnson, DBE (19 June 1921 – 21 June 1983) was a Bahamian teacher, suffragette, and politician. She was the first Bahamian woman to contest an election in the Bahamas, the first female Senate appointee, and the first woman granted a leadership role in the Senate. Once in the legislature, she was the first woman to be made a government minister and then was elected as the first woman President of the Senate. She was the first woman to serve as Acting Governor General of the Bahamas, and was honored as Dame Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II.
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History of the Dundas Pt 2
WINSTON CHURCHILL AND WORLD WAR I
In 1911, Churchill turned his attention away from domestic politics when he became the First Lord of the Admiralty (akin to the Secretary of the Navy in the U.S.). Noting that Germany was growing more and more bellicose, Churchill began to prepare Great Britain for war: He established the Royal Naval Air Service, modernized the British fleet and invented one of the earliest tanks.
Churchill was one of the chief architects of the Allied victory in WW2
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